Scripture & Catechism

17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall die.”
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376 By the radiance of this grace all dimensions of man's life were confirmed. As long as he remained in the divine intimacy, man would not have to suffer or die.(cf. Gen 2:17; Gen 3:16, Gen 3:19) The inner harmony of the human person, the harmony between man and woman,(cf. Gen 2:25) and finally the harmony between the first couple and all creation, comprised the state called "original justice."
396 God created man in his image and established him in his friendship. A spiritual creature, man can live this friendship only in free submission to God. The prohibition against eating "of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil" spells this out: "for in the day that you eat of it, you shall die."(Gen 2:17) The "tree of the knowledge of good and evil"(Gen 2:17) symbolically evokes the insurmountable limits that man, being a creature, must freely recognize and respect with trust. Man is dependent on his Creator and subject to the laws of creation and to the moral norms that govern the use of freedom.
400 The harmony in which they had found themselves, thanks to original justice, is now destroyed: the control of the soul's spiritual faculties over the body is shattered; the union of man and woman becomes subject to tensions, their relations henceforth marked by lust and domination.(cf. Gen 3:7-16) Harmony with creation is broken: visible creation has become alien and hostile to man.(cf. Gen 3:17, Gen 3:19) Because of man, creation is now subject "to its bondage to decay".(Rom 8:21) Finally, the consequence explicitly foretold for this disobedience will come true: man will "return to the ground",(Gen 3:19; cf. Gen 2:17) for out of it he was taken. Death makes its entrance into human history.(cf. Rom 5:12)
1006 "It is in regard to death that man's condition is most shrouded in doubt."(GS 18) In a sense bodily death is natural, but for faith it is in fact "the wages of sin."(Rom 6:23; cf. Gen 2:17) For those who die in Christ's grace it is a participation in the death of the Lord, so that they can also share his Resurrection.(cf. Rom 6:3-9; Phil 3:10-11)
1008 Death is a consequence of sin. the Church's Magisterium, as authentic interpreter of the affirmations of Scripture and Tradition, teaches that death entered the world on account of man's sin.(cf. Gen 2:17; Gen 3:3; Gen 3:19; Wis 1:13; Rom 5:12; Rom 6:23; DS 1511) Even though man's nature is mortal God had destined him not to die. Death was therefore contrary to the plans of God the Creator and entered the world as a consequence of sin.(cf. Wis 2:23-24) "Bodily death, from which man would have been immune had he not sinned" is thus "the last enemy" of man left to be conquered.(GS 18 # 2; cf. 1 Cor 15:26)