Scripture & Catechism

John 10:1-21

1 "Truly, truly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door but climbs in by another way, that man is a thief and a robber;
2 but he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.
3 To him the gatekeeper opens; the sheep hear his voice, and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out.
4 When he has brought out all his own, he goes before them, and the sheep follow him, for they know his voice.
5 A stranger they will not follow, but they will flee from him, for they do not know the voice of strangers."
6 This figure Jesus used with them, but they did not understand what he was saying to them.
7 So Jesus again said to them, "Truly, truly, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep.
8 All who came before me are thieves and robbers; but the sheep did not heed them.
9 I am the door; if any one enters by me, he will be saved, and will go in and out and find pasture.
10 The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I came that they may have life, and have it abundantly.
11 I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.
12 He who is a hireling and not a shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, sees the wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees; and the wolf snatches them and scatters them.
13 He flees because he is a hireling and cares nothing for the sheep.
14 I am the good shepherd; I know my own and my own know me,
15 as the Father knows me and I know the Father; and I lay down my life for the sheep.
16 And I have other sheep, that are not of this fold; I must bring them also, and they will heed my voice. So there shall be one flock, one shepherd.
17 For this reason the Father loves me, because I lay down my life, that I may take it again.
18 No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again; this charge I have received from my Father."
19 There was again a division among the Jews because of these words.
20 Many of them said, "He has a demon, and he is mad; why listen to him?"
21 Others said, "These are not the sayings of one who has a demon. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?"
Catechism References hide hide inline citations
60 The people descended from Abraham would be the trustee of the promise made to the patriarchs, the chosen people, called to prepare for that day when God would gather all his children into the unity of the Church.(cf. Rom 11:28; Jn 11:52; Jn 10:16) They would be the root on to which the Gentiles would be grafted, once they came to believe.(cf. Rom 11:17-18, Rom 11:24)
553 Jesus entrusted a specific authority to Peter: "I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven."(Mt 16:19) The "power of the keys" designates authority to govern the house of God, which is the Church. Jesus, the Good Shepherd, confirmed this mandate after his Resurrection: "Feed my sheep."(Jn 21:15-17; cf. Jn 10:11) The power to "bind and loose" connotes the authority to absolve sins, to pronounce doctrinal judgements, and to make disciplinary decisions in the Church. Jesus entrusted this authority to the Church through the ministry of the apostles(cf. Mt 18:18) and in particular through the ministry of Peter, the only one to whom he specifically entrusted the keys of the kingdom.
574 From the beginning of Jesus' public ministry, certain Pharisees and partisans of Herod together with priests and scribes agreed together to destroy him.(cf. Mk 3:6; Mk 14:1) Because of certain acts of his expelling demons, forgiving sins, healing on the sabbath day, his novel interpretation of the precepts of the Law regarding purity, and his familiarity with tax collectors and public sinners(cf. Mt 12:24; Mk 2:7, Mk 2:14-17; Mk 3:1-6; Mk 7:14-23)--some ill-intentioned persons suspected Jesus of demonic possession.(cf. Mk 3:22; Jn 8:48; Jn 10:20) He is accused of blasphemy and false prophecy, religious crimes which the Law punished with death by stoning.(cf. Mk 2:7; Jn 5:18; Jn 7:12, Jn 7:52; Jn 8:59; Jn 10:31, Jn 10:33)
595 Among the religious authorities of Jerusalem, not only were the Pharisee Nicodemus and the prominent Joseph of Arimathea both secret disciples of Jesus, but there was also long-standing dissension about him, so much so that St. John says of these authorities on the very eve of Christ's Passion, "many.. . believed in him", though very imperfectly.(Jn 12:42; cf. Jn 7:50; Jn 9:16-17; Jn 10:19-21; Jn 19:38-39) This is not surprising, if one recalls that on the day after Pentecost "a great many of the priests were obedient to the faith" and "some believers. . . belonged to the party of the Pharisees", to the point that St. James could tell St. Paul, "How many thousands there are among the Jews of those who have believed; and they are all zealous for the Law."(Acts 6:7; Acts 15:5; Acts 21:20)
596 The religious authorities in Jerusalem were not unanimous about what stance to take towards Jesus.(cf. Jn 9:16; Jn 10:19) The Pharisees threatened to excommunicate his followers.(cf. Jn 9:22) To those who feared that "everyone will believe in him, and the Romans will come and destroy both our holy place and our nation", the high priest Caiaphas replied by prophesying: "It is expedient for you that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation should not perish."(Jn 11:48-50) The Sanhedrin, having declared Jesus deserving of death as a blasphemer but having lost the right to put anyone to death, hands him over to the Romans, accusing him of political revolt, a charge that puts him in the same category as Barabbas who had been accused of sedition.(cf. Mt 26:66; Jn 18:31; Lk 23:2, Lk 23:19) The chief priests also threatened Pilate politically so that he would condemn Jesus to death.(cf. Jn 19:12, Jn 19:15, Jn 19:21)
606 The Son of God, who came down "from heaven, not to do (his) own will, but the will of him who sent (him)",(Jn 6:38) said on coming into the world, "Lo, I have come to do your will, O God." "and by that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all."(Heb 10:5-10) From the first moment of his Incarnation the Son embraces the Father's plan of divine salvation in his redemptive mission: "My food is to do the will of him who sent me, and to accomplish his work."(Jn 4:34) The sacrifice of Jesus "for the sins of the whole world"(1 Jn 2:2) expresses his loving communion with the Father. "The Father loves me, because I lay down my life", said the Lord, "(for) I do as the Father has commanded me, so that the world may know that I love the Father."(Jn 10:17; Jn 14:31)
609 By embracing in his human heart the Father's love for men, Jesus "loved them to the end", for "greater love has no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends."(Jn 13:1; Jn 15:13) In suffering and death his humanity became the free and perfect instrument of his divine love which desires the salvation of men.(cf. Heb 2:10, Heb 2:17-18; Heb 4:15; Heb 5:7-9) Indeed, out of love for his Father and for men, whom the Father wants to save, Jesus freely accepted his Passion and death: "No one takes [my life] from me, but I lay it down of my own accord."(Jn 10:18) Hence the sovereign freedom of God's Son as he went out to his death.(cf. Jn 18:4-6; Mt 26:53)
614 This sacrifice of Christ is unique; it completes and surpasses all other sacrifices.(cf. Heb 10:10) First, it is a gift from God the Father himself, for the Father handed his Son over to sinners in order to reconcile us with himself. At the same time it is the offering of the Son of God made man, who in freedom and love offered his life to his Father through the Holy Spirit in reparation for our disobedience.(cf. Jn 10:17-18; Jn 15:13; Heb 9:14; 1 Jn 4:10)
649 As for the Son, he effects his own Resurrection by virtue of his divine power. Jesus announces that the Son of man will have to suffer much, die, and then rise.(cf. Mk 8:31; Mk 9:9-31; Mk 10:34) Elsewhere he affirms explicitly: "I lay down my life, that I may take it again... I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again."(Jn 10:17-18) "We believe that Jesus died and rose again."(1 Th 4:14)
754 "The Church is, accordingly, a sheepfold, the sole and necessary gateway to which is Christ. It is also the flock of which God himself foretold that he would be the shepherd, and whose sheep, even though governed by human shepherds, are unfailingly nourished and led by Christ himself, the Good Shepherd and Prince of Shepherds, who gave his life for his sheep.(LG 6; cf. Jn 10:1-10; Isa 40:11; Ezek 34:11-31; Jn 10:11; 1 Pet 5:4; Jn 10:11-16)
764 "This Kingdom shines out before men in the word, in the works and in the presence of Christ."(LG 5) To welcome Jesus' word is to welcome "the Kingdom itself."(LG 5) The seed and beginning of the Kingdom are the "little flock" of those whom Jesus came to gather around him, the flock whose shepherd he is.(Lk 12:32; cf. Mt 10:16; Mt 26:31; Jn 10:1-21) They form Jesus' true family.(cf. Mt 12:49) To those whom he thus gathered around him, he taught a new "way of acting" and a prayer of their own.(cf. Mt 5- 6)
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