Be especially attentive "to the content and unity of the whole Scripture". Different as the books which compose it may be, Scripture is a unity by reason of the unity of God's plan, of which Christ Jesus is the center and heart, open since his Passover.(Cf. Lk 24:25-27, Lk 24:44-46)
The phrase "heart of Christ" can refer to Sacred Scripture, which makes known his heart, closed before the Passion, as the Scripture was obscure. But the Scripture has been opened since the Passion; since those who from then on have understood it, consider and discern in what way the prophecies must be interpreted.(St. Thomas Aquinas, Expos. in Ps. 21, Ps. 11; cf. Ps 22:14.)
The Church remains faithful to the interpretation of "all the Scriptures" that Jesus gave both before and after his Passover: "Was it not necessary that the Christ should suffer these things and enter into his glory?"(Lk 24:26-27, Lk 24:44-45)
Jesus' sufferings took their historical, concrete form from the fact that he was "rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes", who handed "him to the Gentiles to be mocked and scourged and crucified".(Mk 8:31; Mt 20:19)
The Scriptures had foretold this divine plan of salvation through the putting to death of "the righteous one, my Servant" as a mystery of universal redemption, that is, as the ransom that would free men from the slavery of sin.(Is 53:11; cf. Is 53:12; Jn 8:34-36; Acts 3:14)
Citing a confession of faith that he himself had "received", St. Paul professes that "Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures."(1 Cor 15:3; cf. also Acts 3:18; Acts 7:52; Acts 13:29; Acts 26:22-23)
In particular Jesus' redemptive death fulfils Isaiah's prophecy of the suffering Servant.(cf. Is 53:7-8 and Acts 8:32-35)
Indeed Jesus himself explained the meaning of his life and death in the light of God's suffering Servant.(cf. Mt 20:28)
After his Resurrection he gave this interpretation of the Scriptures to the disciples at Emmaus, and then to the apostles.(cf. Lk 24:25-27, Lk 24:44-45)
Christ's Resurrection is the fulfilment of the promises both of the Old Testament and of Jesus himself during his earthly life.(cf. Mt 28:6; Mk 16:7; Lk 24:6-7, Lk 24:26-27, Lk 24:44-48)
The phrase "in accordance with the Scriptures"(cf. 1 Cor 15:3-4; cf. the Nicene Creed)
indicates that Christ's Resurrection fulfilled these predictions.
From the beginning until "the fullness of time,"(Gal 4:4)
the joint mission of the Father's Word and Spirit remains hidden, but it is at work. God's Spirit prepares for the time of the Messiah. Neither is fully revealed but both are already promised, to be watched for and welcomed at their manifestation. So, for this reason, when the Church reads the Old Testament, she searches there for what the Spirit, "who has spoken through the prophets," wants to tell us about Christ.(cf. 2 Cor 3:14; Jn 5:39, Jn 5:46)
By "prophets" the faith of the Church here understands all whom the Holy Spirit inspired in living proclamation and in the composition of the sacred books, both of the Old and the New Testaments. Jewish tradition distinguishes first the Law (the five first books or Pentateuch), then the Prophets (our historical and prophetic books) and finally the Writings (especially the wisdom literature, in particular the Psalms).(cf. Lk 24:44)
1094 Please be patient! This CCC paragraph has not been loaded yet. You may find the reference at the Vatican website.
2625 Please be patient! This CCC paragraph has not been loaded yet. You may find the reference at the Vatican website.
All the Scriptures - the Law, the Prophets, and the Psalms - are fulfilled in Christ.(cf. Lk 24:44)
The Gospel is this "Good News." Its first proclamation is summarized by St. Matthew in the Sermon on the Mount;(cf. Mt 5 - Mt 7)
The prayer to our Father is at the center of this proclamation. It is in this context that each petition bequeathed to us by the Lord is illuminated:
The Lord's Prayer is the most perfect of prayers.... In it we ask, not only for all the things we can rightly desire, but also in the sequence that they should be desired. This prayer not only teaches us to ask for things, but also in what order we should desire them.(St. Thomas Aquinas, STh II-II, 83, 9)